From the PNJ.com
"...The reasons few black Americans become involved in swimming or even learn how to swim are many. Louis Makarowski, a sports psychiatrist who earned a degree from Iowa University, said the breakdown of black families.
"The greatest contributor to crime and economic inequality has been the break up of African-American families," said Makarowski, who has an office in Pensacola. "Swimming is an elite sport. To be involved on a team as a swimmer or to learn how to swim can be expensive."
Makarowski also credited racial identity has a key issue that keeps black Americans from becoming swimmers.
"One issue is racial identity regarding sports and recreation," Makarowski said. "To be authentically black, many African Americans feel they need to play basketball, football or baseball."